We are a starting a great week and we will be focusing on Reported Speech. What is it and how can you use it in context? On Friday, you will be able to use your newly-acquired knowledge to put yourself in the shoes of a seasoned reporter.
Report : Give an account of, tell or relate something to someone.Powerpoint presentation backgrounds fish tank top
Speech : Exchange of spoken words, utterance, conversation, remark, formal address. Rep orted Speech or Indirect Speech : We use it to communicate to another person or group what somebody has said. No wonder you often see this in the news!
In the News : The beleagured politician said he would run for presidential office the following year.
Reported speech 2 – article
Reporter : A person whose job is to look for news and give an account of it in oral or written form. He or she can work for a newspaper, a radio station, a TV station or online. Journalists often conduct interviews to obtain information directly from a source or a key player in an event.
This shows that they have done their research well. By doing so, they want their articles or news broadcast to become more believable. The way a reporter uses a reporting verb will reveal his position as regards the information he or she is presenting to us. This is when the verb is impartial and does not show any bias towards any position. The reporter is just relating exactly what was said without any judgement. This is when the verb introduces extra information.
Thus, the reader, listener or viewer learns more about the issue at hand.
This is when an element of truth is introduced. Previously unknown information or a secret is finally known and this can be a big and well-paying scoop for the the journalist or media outlet. A reporter will use such verbs when the information is not hundred percent certain. This can be in the context of relating a piece of news provided by an untrustworthy source.
These verbs can also be used when dealing with sensitive stories to avoid libel cases. You will certainly find such types of verbs in controversial news. The reporter will often show some bias and emotion and his or her position on the subject can be easily guessed or known.
Your Turn : What do you think of Reporting Verbs? Are they useful? How can you use them in context? Can you think of any other words or sentences? Further Exploration:. Skip to content Menu. Posted on May 27, May 27, by learnenglishwithafrica. Reported Speech in the News We are a starting a great week and we will be focusing on Reported Speech. Neutral This is when the verb is impartial and does not show any bias towards any position. He declared that teachers would get their salary the following week.
It only takes a minute to sign up. In reported speech we generally back shift the tense. But why in news articles do I often see that this guideline is violated? For example:. It is possible that news sources often retain the original tense in reported speech to convey the immediacy of their reporting.
Consider the following:. While "backshifting" i. Another reason that news sources might retain the speaker's original tense is to preserve the distinction between the speaker's description of a situation that no longer exists and one that does. One could backshift the first statement and report both of them as "Obama said that he wanted the support of House Republicans. A third possible reason relates to the first. A large part of news reporting is reported speech. Backshifting the verbs in every sentence would lead to newspapers written almost entirely in the past tense.
In any event, as pointed out in the comments to your question, it is not incorrect to retain the original tense of the reported speech. If the Secretary said "I have faced many hurdles in my life," it is not incorrect to report this as in your example b.
Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Reported speech in news articles [duplicate] Ask Question. Asked 5 years, 7 months ago. Active 1 year, 10 months ago. Viewed 16k times. Laurel By Kerry G. Maxwell and Lindsay Clandfield.
Whenever we use reported speech, we have to take into account how circumstances have changed since the speaker originally spoke the words.Resume lying college degree
For instance, we may now be reporting what was said from the point of view of a different time or place, or the person reporting the speech may be different to the original speaker. Notice how you in the original statement becomes her in the reported clause. If somebody else was reporting what we said to another friend, they might say:.
Here, I has become she in the reporting clause, and you has become her in the reported clause. If we do not meet our first friend in the park as planned, and she speaks to us about this later in the day, she might say:. Here, I has become you in the reporting clause, and you has become me in the reported clause.
The examples illustrate that pronouns always change according to the point of view of the person using the reported speech. The same is true of possessive pronouns.
For instance, a question such as:. Could be reported with any one of the following, depending on the point of view of the speaker or listener, e. Sometimes words which relate to place or position need to be changed in a reported clause. For instance, if someone were to say to us:.
For instance, someone might say to you:. In this case, tomorrow afternoon has changed to this afternoon in the reported clause.
Tense changes when using reported speech
Here are some time adverbials and examples of what they often change to in reported speech. Note that the choice of time adverbial always depends on the particular situation that surrounds the reported speech. If we want to report what someone did not say or think, then the verb in the reporting clause must be made negative, e.
If we want to report something that was said but which was in the negative when the speaker originally used it, then the verb in the reported clause must be negative, e. However, with the common reporting verb thinkin order to report a sentence which was negative when the speaker originally used it, the reporting verb is usually made negative, rather than the verb in the reported clause, e.Toronto ultrasound imaging amp cardiovascular laboratory
Other common reporting verbs that behave in this way include believe, expectand feele. Reporting verbs such as tell and inform often occur in passive report structures.
When they are used in the passive, the hearer of the original statement becomes the subject of the sentence in reported speech, e.
Passive reporting verbs are often used when it is not important to identify the speaker of the original sentence, focusing on the hearer only, e. In a similar way, reporting verbs such as say and believe are sometimes used in the passive in order to avoid specifying whose opinion or statement is being reported. This is a more formal use, with it as the subject and a that-clause, e.
These structures are often used to express an opinion which is generally held. An alternative passive structure with a to-infinitive is therefore sometimes used to make the subject of the reported clause become the main topic of the sentence, e. If someone says something which orders or requests someone to do something, this can be reported with verbs such as tell and askfollowed by an object and a to-infinitive, e. Other verbs that occur in this pattern include order, command, forbid, instruct, beg and urgee.
Some of these reporting verbs are often used in the passive, with the original hearer the object of the reporting clause in the examples above becoming the subject of the reporting clause, e. When reporting a direct order, it is also possible to use verbs such as must or have to in the reported clause, e.
The reporting verb ask can be used with or without an object before the to-infinitive clause, but note the difference in meaning, e. Use of the that-clause in such contexts is much more formal.When we use reported speech, we are referring to something that was said either by ourselves or by someone else in the past. This type of speech is used very frequently during both spoken and written examples of English and it is an important part of the language which any English student will find useful to learn.
In this section, we are going to look at types of reported speech as well as how we can use it. Reported speech is often also called indirect speech in English. Learn how to use Time and Place in Reported Speech. There is no change in verb tenses in Indirect Speech when:. List of Introductory Verbs in Reported Speech. In indirect speech, you need to be careful with personal pronouns. They need to be changed according to the situation. You need to know the context.
When you are changing a question from direct speech into indirect speech, you follow the same kinds of rules as for statements. How to use Reported Commands and Requests in English with examples. When we change from direct to indirect speech, the pronoun and tense changes that are also needed. English Grammar. Table of Contents.
Tweet Pin It. Notify of. Oldest Newest Most Voted. Inline Feedbacks. Sarvesh kumar. Rajan Dahal. Load More Comments. Would love your thoughts, please comment.By Steven Nelson. November 13, pm Updated November 13, pm. Stengel, an Obama administration alumnus, wrote last year in a Washington Post op-ed that US freedom of speech was too unfettered and that changes must be considered.
And where truth cannot drive out lies, we must add new guardrails. Why, they asked me, would you ever want to protect that? In an age when everyone has a megaphone, that seems like a design flaw.
These laws started out as protections against the kinds of anti-Semitic bigotry that gave rise to the Holocaust. The modern standard of dangerous speech comes from Brandenburg v. Pack fired and suspended executives over a pro-Biden video produced by VOA Urdu and for allegedly faulty security checks in hiring foreign workers.
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View author archive Get author RSS feed. Name required. Email required. Comment required. Enlarge Image. Richard Stengel Getty Images. More On: free speech. Share Selection. Adidas takes 50 percent off shoes, apparel and more. The highly rated Eero mesh Wi-Fi system is 30 percent off.Reported speech or "reported discourse" is when an individual verbally recalls information from something they heard or read.
It can be either directly quoted or indirectly conveyed and is an important aspect of communication. Using reported speech in conversations shows listening skills and allows an individual to relate to others. Read this short excerpt about a funny incident in the park.
Once you have finished, answer the reading comprehension questions and complete the reported speech activity. Tim wandered along the path thinking aloud, "If I continue this diet I should lose twenty pounds by the end of Smiling, Sheila responded, "It's OK. Nothing's broken No really, I wasn't watching my step either.Revoke petition immigration laws united states
They both began to laugh as they had met each other the week before at a party that Jack had given. Still laughing, Tim suggested, "Why don't we have a cup a coffee and donut? Questions one to five test your comprehension. The remaining questions test reported speech. Fill in the blanks with reported indirect speech using the text above. Share Flipboard Email. Kenneth Beare. Updated January 21, Guess Who I Bumped Into?Professional dissertation chapter writer website for college
Why did Tim bump into Sheila? Correct Wrong. Where do they live?Click here for a list of reported speech exercises. Click here to download this explanation in PDF. Reported Statements. When do we use reported speech?
Reported speech – tips and activities
Sometimes someone says a sentence, for example "I'm going to the cinema tonight". Later, maybe we want to tell someone else what the first person said. Watch my reported speech video:. We use a 'reporting verb' like 'say' or 'tell'. Click here for more about using 'say' and 'tell'. If this verb is in the present tense, it's easy. We just put 'she says' and then the sentence:.
Direct speech: I like ice cream. Reported speech: She says that she likes ice cream. We don't need to change the tense, though probably we do need to change the 'person' from 'I' to 'she', for example. We also may need to change words like 'my' and 'your'. As I'm sure you know, often, we can choose if we want to use 'that' or not in English. I've put it in brackets to show that it's optional. It's exactly the same if you use 'that' or if you don't use 'that'.
Butif the reporting verb is in the past tense, then usually we change the tenses in the reported speech:. Reported speech: She said that she liked ice cream. Occasionally, we don't need to change the present tense into the past if the information in direct speech is still true but this is only for things which are general facts, and even then usually we like to change the tense : Direct speech: The sky is blue.
Click here for a mixed tense exercise about practise reported statements. Click here for a list of all the reported speech exercises. So now you have no problem with making reported speech from positive and negative sentences. But how about questions? Direct speech: Where do you live? How can we make the reported speech here? In fact, it's not so different from reported statements.
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